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1996 – Summit on the Economy and Employment

At the conclusion of the 1996 Summit on the Economy and Employment, the Premier announced the introduction of a family policy designed to help the parents of young children achieve work-family balance as well as to encourage low-income parents to join the workforce.

At the same time, Summit participants adopted a resolution calling on the federal government to hand over to Québec the funds needed to create a parental insurance fund.

1997 – Introduction of reduced contribution childcare spaces

The Ministère de la Famille et de l’Enfance was created and put in charge of Québec’s family policy, followed soon afterwards by the introduction of reduced-contribution childcare spaces.

It was also at that time that negotiations began with the federal government on repatriating parental benefit responsibilities with a view to setting up a parental insurance plan specific to Québec.

2001 – Act respecting parental insurance

The Act respecting parental insurance was passed unanimously by the National Assembly of Québec. Negotiations with the federal government continued.

2004 – Entente de principe Canada-Québec sur le Régime d’assurance parentale

This first agreement (available in French only) (PDF, 262 KB) determined the underlying principles, funding mechanism and time frame for the final agreement leading to the creation of the Québec Parental Insurance Plan.

2005 – The Canada-Quebec Final Agreement on the Parental Insurance Plan

The Conseil de gestion de l’assurance parentale officially began operations on January 10, 2005.

On March 1, 2005, the Canada-Quebec Final Agreement on the Parental Insurance Plan (Available in French only) (PDF, 163 KB) was signed. It gave Québec the means to implement its own plan as of January 1, 2006. It also stipulated that the premiums Quebecers paid into the federal employment insurance plan would be reduced as of the same date, with the coming into force of the Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP). Finally, the Agreement also provided that the federal government would pay $200 million to the Québec government to assist with implementation of the QPIP.

All maternity and parental benefit payments which began under the federal employment insurance plan before January 1, 2006 remained the responsibility of Service Canada. Those benefits continued to be paid in 2006 according to the terms and conditions of the federal plan. Furthermore, under the Agreement, the Québec government was required to reimburse the federal government for the amount of those benefits paid in 2006.

On June 15, 2005, the National Assembly adopted a number of amendments to the Act respecting parental insurance in order to create the Parental Insurance Fund, improve the representativeness and independence of the Conseil’s Board of Directors, and confirm the role of Ministère de l’Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale with regard to QPIP client services.

2006 – Coming into effect of the Québec Parental Insurance Plan

The Québec Parental Insurance Plan came into force on January 1, 2006. During the Plan’s first year, the Plan’s regulations were amended to better meet the needs of new parents.

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Last update: 2016-10-24

Note: The information contained on this website cannot be used for legal interpretation purposes and does not replace the provisions of the relevant statutes and regulations.